Isotretinoin (its brand names are: Accutane, Claravis, Amnesteem, Sotret, Myorisan, Absorica, Zenatane) is a form of drug that is used in the treatment of a condition known as nodular or cystic acne.
Isotretinoin is used only when this form of acne does not improve with other forms of treatment.
These other forms of treatments of acne include benzoyl peroxide which is applied to the skin and clindamycin which is also administered in the same way.
You also have minocycline and tetracycline which are administered orally. Isotretinoin is similar to vitamin A and it belongs to a class of drugs known as retinoids.
How Isotretinoin Works: You have what are known as sebaceous glands under your skin that are responsible for the production of sebum, a form of oil.
These glands may become overactive leading to an increased production of sebum which blocks the glands. The sebum cannot therefore flow out freely.
This accumulation of the sebum under the skin will promote the growth of a bacteria associated with the formation of acne.
This bacteria produce waste that irritates the glands. These glands then become inflamed causing spots. Isotretinoin works by reducing the activity of these glands.
Isotretinoin 20mg reduces the amount of sebum which gets produced reducing the blockage of the glands. Isotretinoin also minimizes the inflammation of these glands.
Isotretinoin Dosage: Your dosage is usually determined by your doctor and is dependent on your condition and your reaction to treatment.
Usually you take Isotretinoin with food which increases its uptake into the body and a full glass of water.
Precaution And Side Effects Of Isotretinoin: You should inform your doctor of any allergies that you may have before he prescribes that you use Isotretinoin.
The use of Isotretinoin by women is restricted by a program known as iPLEDGE. The use of Isotretinoin has been known to cause birth defects in fetuses.
Isotretinoin 20mg is therefore controlled to limit this effect. You are require have a negative result on pregnancy tests that are conducted a month before you start to use Isotretinoin, every month that you are on Isotretinoin and a month after you stop taking Isotretinoin.
You also sign consent forms that state you will use two forms of effective birth control during the use of the drug.
Before you start to take Isotretinoin you should inform your doctor if you have a history of depression or a family history of mental illness.
You should also inform your doctor if you have high glycerides a form of cholesterol, a heart disease, if you have any bone disease, if you suffer from asthma, diabetes, any eating disorder, if you have any liver disease or if you have any intestinal condition.
You may start to experience itching, unexplainable swelling, rashes or some difficulty in breathing which may be an indication that you are allergic to some of the ingredients in Isotretinoin 20mg.
Other common side effects of taking Isotretinoin include:
- dryness of the mouth, lips and skin;
- you may start to have joint or back pains;
- you may start to feel dizzy, drowsy and nervous
- or you may start to see changes in your fingernails and toenails.
Some of the serious side effects of taking Isotretinoin include any changes in your moods such as becoming more irritable, hallucinating, any difficulty in concentration and the like.
- any changes in vision that may be an indication of increased cranial pressure;
- you may also get to have an increased amount of triglycerides that may indicate the onset of pancreatitis;
- liver damage;
- blood in stool,
- severe diarrhea
- and stomach aches that may be an indication of ulcerative colitis;
- you may also develop seizures and changes in your vision.
You are advised not to partake in any activity that may require your vision at night.