Accutane is a powerful drug which is commonly prescribed for the treatment of acne.
Accutane is often used by doctors and dermatologists as a last resort when patients have failed to respond to other forms of treatment for severe and/or nodular acne.
Accutane has a reputation for being a potent drug which has a high level of success in treating acne, but it is also noted that the drug can have a number of side effects.
Accutane is an Isotretinoin medication which has been approved as a specialist treatment procedure for acne, and has been available in pill form since 1982.
The basis for this drug is found in vitamin A and is often referred to as Vitamin A analog or retinoid.
The drug has been developed and is distributed by Hoffman-LaRoche.
Normal dosage is between 10 and 40 milligrams per day and a course of treatment is typically four to five months.
The main effect of Accutane is to reduce the amount of sebum production from the skin’s sebaceous glands.
Sebum can cause oily skin which in turn gels dead skin cells together, which clog pores, leading to bacterial growth within the skin’s pores, which leads to inflammation and acne.
Accutane normalises the shredding of dead cells from the surface of the skin.
The result of this is a reduction of inflammation, a reduction in blocked pores, and a reduction in acne naturally follows.
Side effects do not always occur, but are possible through normal treatment.
Sensitivity to the sun and ultraviolet radiation is often reported, meaning patients can easily be burned by the sun.
Dry irritated eyes, dry lips and itching skin are all possible side effects.
Importantly, Accutane must not be used by women who are pregnant, and women who use Accutane must use two forms of birth control simultaneously due to the high likelihood of birth defects should pregnancy coincide with any course of treatment.